Endangered Status

March 8, 2012 in General Banggai Info, Slideshow

From the International Union of Concerned Scientists, 2007

Key Facts

• Entering the IUCN Red List for the first time, assessed as Endangered.

Banggai Cardinals swarm around a large sea anemone already hosting a pair of anemonefish.

• Found only in the Banggai Archipelago, near Sulawesi, Indonesia.

• Total available area for this species is 34 square kilometers (13 sq miles), naturally distributed in 27 islands, according to Alejandro Vagelli (2005).

• Main cause of decline is fishery for the international aquarium fish trade.

• There has been an 89% reduction in population from the start of the aquarium fishery in 1995–1996 to 2007.

• The present total population size is between 1.8 and 2.2 million individuals.

• Presently, an estimated minimum 700,000–900,000 fish are extracted every year.

• Significant destruction of habitat is occurring due to rampant dynamite fishing throughout its range.

Further reading:

The Banggai Cardinalfish: Natural History, Conservation, and Culture of Pterapogon kauderni, Alejandro Vagelli (Wiley-Blackwell, 2011, Chichester, UK)